Gum Infections

Gum infections are more common than people realise, as is tooth decay leading to gum infection. Although easily prevented gum infection may lead to severe discomfort and tooth loss if untreated, as the teeth and gums are destroyed by the oral infection. Dentists increasingly attempt to make people aware of the need to protect their teeth and gums from infection which may lead to other health complications. Your best dentist for gum infection treatment in Dublin.


Cause Of Gum Infection

Cases of gum infection are usually caused by bacterial colonisation of sticky plaque, arising from inadequately cleaned teeth. For this reason, dentists recommend oral hygiene maintenance on a daily basis with proper teeth brushing.

Visits to the dental hygienist for teeth cleaning and scaling to remove plaque and tartar are also advised to keep gum infection at bay. Gum infection may also result from improper care of or damage to orthodontic devices and dentures. Seeking proper advice on their maintenance from a dentist and having the devices properly restored is important to reduce the risk of developing oral infections.

Gum infection may also result from dental injury when the mouth is vulnerable to infection. This is why it is crucial to receive emergency dental care within an hour of the injury. Other factors that may contribute to gum infections include:

  • Genetic and hereditary traits
  • Lifestyle habits such as poor diet, smoking and poor oral hygiene
  • Hormonal changes, pregnancy and certain health conditions
  • Medications or drugs

Symptoms Of Gum Infection

Symptoms such as the presence of blood on the toothbrush or during teeth cleaning may be early signs of gum infection. Dentists use X-rays and other diagnostic tests to determine if bleeding or gum irritation is the start of gum disease. If left untreated symptoms of gum infection can worsen and develop into gum disease, such as periodontitis.

Gum infection symptoms range from mild to severe; they may be blindingly obvious to the sufferer or go unnoticed. Typical symptoms of gum infection include:

  • Gum inflammation, swelling and bleeding
  • Receding gum tissue and gum tenderness
  • Foul oral taste and odour
  • Mouth sores, ulcers and presence of pus or abscess
  • Loose teeth and unusual bite sensations

Gum Disease Or Periodontitis

Gum disease starts as gum inflammation or gingivitis. The gum irritation, swelling and bleeding can worsen to an infection of the gum tissue and periodontal ligaments connecting the tooth to the gum tissue and jaw bone. The degeneration of gum tissue and periodontal ligaments can lead to loose teeth and teeth loss.

Severe periodontitis may lead to jaw bone loss and jaw disorders, such as a misaligned jaw, which may require extensive orthodontic treatment or oral surgery. Catching the early signs of gum infection and disease allows individuals to receive treatment to restore oral health and improve general health.

Conditions such as oral infection and periodontitis can cause other health complications if the infection spreads through the bloodstream. Medical conditions associated with gum infection include diabetes and heart disease.

Persons At Risk Of Gum Disease


We are all at risk of developing gum disease. Weak immune systems, inadequate dental hygiene, untreated oral injuries and dental damage are all factors that can cause a person to develop gum infection and disease. However, gum disease usually starts when a gum irritation or infection is left untreated.

Gum disease can develop slowly because the symptoms may not initially be obvious. Bacterial infection sets in and only when mouth sores and painful abscesses develop do people seek dentistry care to remove the infection. This treatment is sometimes too late and gum disease may have already set in.

At regular dental check-ups or where gum irritation is present and an oral check is needed, a dentist may be able to identify early signs of gum infection or gum disease and provide the treatment necessary to prevent its development.

Mouth Sores And Gum Boils


When gum infection is present a pus filled abscess may develop around the tooth or near the tooth roots. These abscesses or gum boils require proper dental care to drain out the infection and provide pain relief.

Symptoms of mouth sores, gum boils and oral abscesses include toothache, tooth sensitivity and, in some cases, headaches. Glands around the face and mouth may become swollen and nerves inflamed causing facial redness. Fevers and high temperatures may develop and be accompanied by nausea and diarrhoea. Once the infection is removed these symptoms subside and dental care can restore damaged teeth.

If left untreated or left to burst the tooth root canal may fill with infection which spreads via the bloodstream. Blood infections can severely weaken immunity. Emergency dental care may be accessed for the treatment of mouth sores, oral abscesses and gum boils.

How do you prevent gum infections?

  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing twice a day in gentle circular motions at the gum line to prevent calculus building up.
  • Floss or use interdental brushes in between your teeth every day to remove food which gets trapped.
  • Use an anti-gingivitis mouthwash which kills bacteria that cause plaque. Make sure you rinse with this once a day but not after brushing.
  • Ensure that you come for regular check ups and cleanings here at Smile Hub Dental Clinic to catch the early signs of gum infections or gum disease.

How do you treat a gum infection?

  • Antibiotics are used to fight off an infection and comes in a pill form or an injection which can be put into the area of the infection.
  • Root Planing and scaling is a deep cleaning usually done by a hygienist to clean all the way down to the root.
  • A gingivectomy is a treatment for a gum infection which removes gum tissue.
  • Flap Surgery is a treatment for severe gum infections involving the grafting bone or tissue.

How long does it take a gum infection to go away?

A gum infection can last based on the severity of it. Mild cases of gingivitis will usually go in 1 to 2 weeks. If a gum infection is not going away it is important to book an appointment here at Smile Hub Dental Clinic as it could turn into periodontal disease if it is not treated. Delayed treatment of periodontal disease can lead to loose teeth or tooth loss.

What are the symptoms of a gum infection?

  • Swollen or bleeding gums
  • Gum recession
  • Pus leaking from the gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • A noticeable difference in your bite

Can salt water rinse heal gum infection?

Salt water is a good way to help a mild gum infection heal as it soothes the gum and cleans out the infection. In more severe cases gum infections may need stronger treatment to get rid of the infection and prevent any further infections that may occur due to a patient’s oral health.

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