Gum infections are more common than people realise, as is tooth decay leading to gum infection. Although easily prevented gum infection may lead to severe discomfort and tooth loss if untreated, as the teeth and gums are destroyed by the oral infection. Dentists increasingly attempt to make people aware of the need to protect their teeth and gums from infection which may lead to other health complications.
Cause Of Gum Infection
Cases of gum infection are usually caused by bacterial colonisation of sticky plaque, arising from inadequately cleaned teeth. For this reason, dentists recommend oral hygiene maintenance on a daily basis with proper teeth brushing.
Visits to the dental hygienist for teeth cleaning and scaling to remove plaque and tartar are also advised to keep gum infection at bay. Gum infection may also result from improper care of or damage to orthodontic devices and dentures. Seeking proper advice on their maintenance from a dentist and having the devices properly restored is important to reduce the risk of developing oral infections.
Gum infection may also result from dental injury when the mouth is vulnerable to infection. This is why it is crucial to receive emergency dental care within an hour of the injury. Other factors that may contribute to gum infections include:
- Genetic and hereditary traits
- Lifestyle habits such as poor diet, smoking and poor oral hygiene
- Hormonal changes, pregnancy and certain health conditions
- Medications or drugs